It is the procedure of holding conference/meeting/chat over the internet mostly using webcam where participant can see each other on the screen. On the recent days internet has become fast enough to support the speed and capabilities require for holding a video conference. This has enabled the use of technology to the main stream industries and to the common computer users.
With video conference people can communicate with each other with an interactive session as if it is a real one-on-one conversation.
Facilities required to connected and converse in video conferencing
The electronic device (computer/smart-phone)
You will require the device to connect to the internet and one that will process both the visual for the microphone and video for video camera.
To be able to capture the video images you will require a video camera, either an in-built in your device or you can get an external camera that can be connected to the computer so that it can process information.
Fast internet connectivity
To be able to use video conferencing services you require internet connectivity and fast in that case. The internet should be able to support video streaming which will enable video to be transmitted from one location to the next without delay.
For audio communication to happen you will require either internal or external microphone to transmit sound and speaker to listen to what other participant is saying. Since most devices come with these two in-built it means you may not need to worry about them.
Video conference platform
To be able to combine all these components you will require application software to enable you to make the conference a reality. The main platform includes:
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Application area of video conferencing
Most learning institutions, mostly higher learning are adopting the use of e-learning which can use video conference technology. While the lecturer is in lecturer room in one location of the world a student can use the technology to connect and attend the lecturer from whenever they are. Again for master student they can have supervisor who is in a different location and they can use video conference to communicate.
Friends can use the technology to recap. Family member can use video conference like skype platform which is free to communicate to their family member where they can have a one-on-one communication.
Business organizations are saving million of money on transport, lodging and other operational costs that are cut down by use of video conferencing. By using this technology business can hold meeting for all branch managers of the organization from their respective locations which save time and money. Video conferencing is the next big thing in business environment in-terms of cutting down the cost for higher productivity.
Court room proceedings (witness testifying)
Court room proceeding is another application area of this technology application. Judicial across the world are adopting the technology by allowing witness to give their testimony over the internet by video conferencing. Judges can also attend a proceeding an even make a ruling over the internet using the technology.
The technology can be used in medical field by getting instruction from a specialist who is in a different location from where the operation of the patient his. Specialist can give instruction on what a certain delicate operation can be done from far away by use of the technology.
Save money and time
Video conferencing save money by cutting the cost of traveling from one work location to the next to attend meeting and the lodging cost are also reduced. The time that would have been used while traveling is saved and can be used for productivity in another area.
The technology is can be used from any location on the world as long as the above facilities for connectivity are available. This make it convenient since one can attend a meeting from the comfort of their home are even when they are on vacation.
Technology makes communication to be fast and easy to do for organization and individuals.
Provide visual information
For family and friend communication, using video give them a sense of closeness even if they are separated by thousands of mile. This is because they can be able to see their children, family member and friend.
High initial cost
For companies that want to install the video conference systems the cost of acquiring these system is high. Also the fast internet connectivity can be expensive if it’s met for that purpose only.
Internet connectivity sometime cannot be relied upon and when it is down then the system cannot be used, again if it is slow it may not support the fast speed that is require for video streaming.
Different time zone
For large organizations that have many branches across the world it means that when one group is in office the other is asleep. This mean for a meeting to be held on group has to be up through the night so as to attend the meeting. If it is friends that are communicating it is the same case if they are in different time zone.
Coordination of large group
If the group involved on the meeting is big to coordinate the meeting may be hard and those people using handheld gadget may not be able to see everybody who is attending the meeting.